Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Academia Practitioner Collaboration in Medicine
It takes on average 17 years to translate 14% of research findings into changes that benefit patients. Lack of scientist-physician partnership (SPP) is a main reason for this low rate. This study investigates quantitatively the influence of social factors such as socio-cultural difference and professional language difference between scientists and physicians, social support and mutuality on SPP effectiveness assessed by academic and clinical outcomes. We surveyed 440 scientists and physicians in the USA. We found: 1) both professional language difference and socio-cultural difference, counter-intuitively, have a positive effects on SPP outcomes; 2) social support and shared vision/goals are positively associated with SPP outcomes; 3) communication effectiveness, mutuality and satisfaction on collaborative process mediate the effects of socio-cultural difference, professional language difference, social support and shared vision and goals on SPP outcomes. This study provides new insights and practical implications on effective inter-professional collaboration in knowledge production and translational medicine.